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human trafficking in south africa 2020

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The DHA had no formal, written procedures to guide the handling of trafficking cases; draft regulations awaited approval by the DHA Minister at the close of the reporting period. Papua New Guinea Receipt books and three vehicles that were used in the commission of crimes were also confiscated. As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in South Africa, and traffickers exploit victims from South Africa abroad. The government continued to work towards implementation of the SADC regional data collection tool. Cook Islands Vietnam The NPA, the national Department for Social Development (DSD) and all of its regional offices, the Department for International Relations and Cooperation (DIRCO), and SAPS led the majority of training for judges, prosecutors, law enforcement officers, social workers, medical professionals, and immigration officers. With human trafficking protests flaring up across the country on Wednesday, we look at the official SAPS list of 'kidnapping hotspots' in South Africa. Mali 07:15:08 PM . 22 Oct 2020 . If almost all countries participate in trafficking including middle economy countries like South Africa… Comoros Ethiopia The government reported that 20 victims chose to leave care facilities, some reportedly because the government failed to take law enforcement action against their traffickers. Czech Republic Additionally, four South African women were rescued in Kuruman. Palestine The government and non-government entities identified 377 victims, compared with 260 victims in 2018. Canary Islands French Southern Ter These cookies do not store any personal information. Ireland Tajikistan Bhutan The five men were arrested on Sunday morning following a Hawks Northern Cape and North West Serious Organised Crime investigation with the assistance of Crime Intelligence, K9, TRT, Crime Scene Investigation and the Department of Home Affairs. Nevis Malta Gabon Norfolk Island 2020-07-29. Officials encouraged victims to participate in the investigation and prosecution of traffickers and provided increased protective services to victim witnesses. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. By: Onalenna Mhlongo-SAnews.gov.za, Posted by South African Police Service on Sunday, September 27, 2020, Country New Zealand Human trafficking accused to appear in court Wednesday, August 26, 2020 The Johannesburg Magistrate’s Court is set to sit for the application for leave to appeal the bail conditions granted to seven Chinese nationals, arrested for alleged human trafficking and the violation of South Africa’s labour laws. St Vincent & Grenadines Brunei French Guiana Seychelles Belize Saudi Arabia Tunisia We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. The government did not provide anti-trafficking training to its peacekeepers prior to their deployment abroad on international peacekeeping missions. Swaziland Photo: iStock . Shelters accessible to persons with disabilities provided limited services; however, it is unclear if any victims received these services during the reporting period. This provision was intended to protect vulnerable temporary workers, but many of the most vulnerable workers were in the informal sector, which falls beyond protections under the Labor Relations Act. Saipan The government approved its National Policy Framework, a strategic plan including a national action plan intended to improve capacity and coordination to combat trafficking among government agencies. Traffickers exploited 308 victims in forced labor and 112 in sex trafficking. Successful applicants will receive generous stipends, and will work with a multinational support team. Singapore Gibraltar As a result, if undocumented foreign national victims did not participate in law enforcement investigations, the government sometimes deported them. Egypt This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Bermuda Macedonia Mexico United Arab Emirates Lesotho Israel Albania One of the investigations was a joint operation by the DOEL and SAPS, in which authorities arrested seven Chinese nationals, four men and three women, for alleged forced labor of 91 Malawian nationals, 37 of whom were children. American Samoa These guesthouses were apparently used as brothels. Global AIDS Coordinator and Global Health Diplomacy, Special Presidential Envoy for Hostage Affairs, Special Representative for Afghanistan Reconciliation, Special Representative for Syria Engagement, U.S. Security Coordinator for Israel and the Palestinian Authority, Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security, Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance, Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights, Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, Office of International Religious Freedom, Office of the Special Envoy To Monitor and Combat Anti-Semitism, Office of the U.S. Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, Under Secretary for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment, Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, Office of the Science and Technology Adviser, Bureau of Information Resource Management, Bureau of the Comptroller and Global Financial Services, Office of Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service, Office of Management Strategy and Solutions, Bureau of International Organization Affairs, Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs, Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs. Tuvalu Honduras The overall quality of victim care varied dramatically by province, gender, and circumstance. Guernsey Botswana The U.S. Department … PACOTIP criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed penalties of up to life imprisonment, a fine of up to 100 million South African rand ($7.1 million), or both. New Caledonia Burundi Victim care in other provinces was sometimes inadequate; however, some victims were transferred from provinces offering low levels of care to provinces offering high levels of care. Oman In addition, an undisclosed amount of money was seized at all premises. Virgin Islands (Brit) The NPA, DOJ, SAPS, and the Department of Education conducted six awareness-raising activities for students throughout the country. In South Africa, campaigners and organizations claim that 30,000 children are smuggled into the nation yearly. South Africa Sep 28, 2020 Nigerians Arrested For Human Trafficking In South Africa Police in South Africa have arrested a human trafficking ring and rescued 10 women who were bei ng … Fiji Traffickers recruit victims from poor countries and poor and/or rural areas within South Africa to urban centers, such as Johannesburg, Cape Town, Durban, and Bloemfontein, where traffickers force victims into sex trafficking and forced labor in domestic service, criminal activities, and agriculture. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Somalia The Criminal Law (Sexual Offenses and related matters) Amendment Act of 2007 (CLAA) also criminalized the sex trafficking of children and adults and prescribed penalties of up to life in prison; these penalties were sufficiently stringent and, with respect to sex trafficking, commensurate with other serious crimes, such as rape. NGOs reported that front-line officials responsible for receiving referrals were often unreachable, and that DSD and SAPS sometimes were not informed of their responsibilities to certify and refer victims, a necessary step before victims could receive care of any kind. It adopted the Southern African Development Community (SADC) regional data collection tool and launched a national baseline study. Tonga However, the government did not meet the minimum standards in several key areas. Yemen Continue to increase efforts to investigate, prosecute, and convict officials complicit in trafficking crimes and traffickers within organized crime syndicates. Bosnia & Herzegovina by Tom Head 23-09-2020 11:01 PREMIUM! St Lucia Prosecutors sometimes relied on the Prevention of Organized Crime Act of 1998 in combination with CLAA, which added additional charges—such as money laundering, racketeering, or criminal gang activity—and increased penalties of convicted defendants. Sri Lanka Some well-known brothels previously identified as locations of sex trafficking continue to operate with officials’ tacit approval. Equatorial Guinea Russia Cameroon The government identified more trafficking victims and referred all to care, providing protective services in partnership with NGOs and international organizations, and increased protective services for victims who assisted ongoing law enforcement investigations. Afghanistan San Marino • Pass Department of Home Affairs (DHA) implementing regulations. India Uganda French Polynesia The government provided 86 victims with interpreters, 10 with specialized medical care, 164 with specialized psycho-social support, 42 adult victims with formal letters of recognition, and 24 with transportation. The Miss SA 2020 judge Anele revealed that unknown men entered her hotel room with their own keys in a bid alleged to take away the award … During the reporting period, 219 adult and child victims assisted law enforcement officials in ongoing investigations of an unknown number of trafficking cases. Costa Rica NGOs reported that SAPS sometimes left victims at shelters without first contacting DSD, left limited contact details for the case officers, or failed to follow up on cases. Pakistan During the reporting period, SAPS conducted compliance assessments of 54 police stations to address non-compliance with government directives, including their responses to potential trafficking cases. South African law enforcement agencies increased efforts to investigate, prosecute, and convict traffickers, including within organized criminal syndicates that facilitated the crime. Grenada Spain France The government demonstrated mixed victim protection efforts. Traffickers exploit foreign male victims aboard fishing vessels in South Africa’s territorial waters; NGOs estimated 10 to 15 victims of labor trafficking disembark each month in Cape Town. end human trafficking in south africa — #OwnYourThrone (@Boity) October 21, 2020 Related Stories Sept. 3, 2019 #AmINext: South African Women’s Stories of Gender-Based Violence Burkina Faso There was no accountability to require these groups to function; officials in positions of authority with the ability to facilitate change rarely attended meetings. The women aged between 20 and 39 years, were used as prostitutes on the premises after they were allegedly lured by the suspects with a promise of employment. The forms of human trafficking found in South Africa include sex trafficking, child labour, domestic servitude, organ smuggling, child-brides (ukuthwala), illegal child adoptions, debt-bondage, forced surrogacy, and the use of body parts for muti. Cayman Islands Philippines Mauritius Some of the provincial task teams ceased meeting or functioning. Vanuatu The Hawks collaborated closely with the National Prosecuting Authority (NPA) to compile evidence and build cases. United States of America Andorra Mayotte Myanmar Samoa American Switzerland Marshall Islands For social workers, medical professionals, and immigration officers, training focused on applying victim-centered approaches. Traffickers force foreign and South African LGBTI persons to engage in commercial sex acts. The hotline often received calls from community members who were unable to get help from police stations on trafficking cases, as front-line officials did not know how to assist. Laos The NPA and DOJ oversaw the National Intersectoral Committee on Trafficking in Persons (NICTIP) and six provincial task teams, which met quarterly to coordinate counter-trafficking efforts and worked to address challenges. Cape Verde East Timor Poland Syndicates, often dominated by Nigerians, facilitate trafficking in the commercial sex industry. Isle of Man Togo Romania Central African Republic Turkmenistan We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. For law enforcement officers, trainings covered promising practices, including investigation, proactive identification of victims, victim-centered interview techniques, and evidence gathering. Palau Island Cubans working in South Africa may have been forced to work by the Cuban government. Trafficking in persons means illegal transport of an individual by threatening, forcing and doing fraud activities with such people. Mauritania Government’s emergency plan, announced by President Ramaphosa will go a long way in addressing the national crisis of gender-based violence and femicide. An NGO operated a National Human Trafficking Resource Line, which received 2,543 calls that led to the identification of 22 victims from South Africa, Eswatini, Ghana, and Malawi. Gauteng, Kwa-Zulu Natal (KZN), and Western Cape provinces generally offered adequate standards of care in urban areas; trafficking victims in these provinces, even if identified in a rural area, were generally able to access care. The fellowship will run from December 2020 until May 2021, with the potential for renewal. • Amend the anti-trafficking law to remove sentencing provisions that allow fines in lieu of imprisonment for sex trafficking crimes. Traffickers coerce victims through traditional spiritual practices. Implementation of these procedures varied by department and province with not all officials aware of the referral procedures, particularly regarding vulnerable groups. The Government of South Africa does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. Dominica Netherlands Estonia In July 2018, South Africa’s Constitutional Court clarified the act, holding that temporary workers were deemed to be employees of the clients of the labor brokers and entitled to working conditions no less favorable than those under which regular employees of the company worked. Latvia Trinidad & Tobago The government launched its national policy framework on trafficking, a strategic plan to improve capacity and coordination among government agencies, and it conducted increased awareness-raising activities throughout the country. NGOs raised concerns about draft amendments to the birth registration process DHA proposed during the reporting period. “I want to encourage all South Africans to continuously work hand in glove with the law enforcement agencies to combat the ongoing threat posed by organised criminal groups.” The government referred 210 victims to shelters across seven provinces, provided protective services for 141 victims, and repatriated nine victims; 65 victims voluntarily returned to their countries or communities. Azerbaijan DSD ran a nine-week rehabilitation program to address the psycho-social well-being of victims and paid for victims to receive residential treatment at drug rehabilitation centers to overcome addiction, though not all provinces had such centers. NGOs criticized SAPS for not identifying victims; some SAPS officers failed to follow referral guidelines. Namibia Aruba Montserrat Moreover, the hotline received calls from victims who were turned away from police stations when asking for assistance. In operations across at least five of the country’s nine provinces, law enforcement officials engaged on anti-trafficking, coordinating and executing raids on more than a dozen brothels, factories, and syndicates that facilitated the creation and distribution of pornography. Samoa Written By: Swati Pramod Dive, II M.A. • Promulgate the immigration provisions in Sections 15, 16, and 31(2)(b)(ii) of PACOTIP. Human trafficking on the rise At least more than one person is trafficked in South Africa per month. ‘Human trafficking in SA continuing despite coronavirus, says Interpol’ 25 November 2020. Montenegro Of the 377 victims identified, 238 were men, 79 were women, 26 were boys, and 34 were girls; 312 victims were foreign nationals and 65 were South African. Expert: Cybersex trafficking is a ‘family-based crime’ In data provided by UNICEF, the National Center of Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC) reported a staggering 264% increase (or 279,166 from 76,561 from the same period last year) in online sexual abuse and exploitation of children (OSAEC) during the months of March, April, and May 2020 Greenland Coordinator for the Arctic Region, Bureaus and Offices Reporting Directly to the Secretary, Office of the Coordinator for Cyber Issues, Office of the U.S. Hungary Human trafficking in South Africa and the rest of the continent is continuing unabated despite the coronavirus, resulting in hundreds of victims unable to get assistance, according to Interpol. The government took action during the reporting period to hold complicit government officials accountable. St Pierre & Miquelon Senegal The act limited temporary employment to three months, after which employees were considered permanent and entitled to full labor protections and benefits. Law enforcement referred 164 victims to the Hawks at the provincial level to ensure officers trained in victim-centered investigations were assigned to potential trafficking cases and referred 23 to the NPA at the provincial level for victim-centered investigations by prosecutors trained on human trafficking. Malawi Solomon Islands Hong Kong Maldives Pitcairn Island The government spoke about trafficking on live radio broadcasts. Seven victims, a Zambian, Zimbabwean, three from Lesotho and two South Africans were rescued in Rustenburg,” he said. Uzbekistan DHA often required foreign nationals to renew their immigration paperwork every two weeks, which placed an unnecessary financial and logistical burden on them and the NGOs providing their care. The government demonstrated overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period; therefore South Africa was upgraded to Tier 2. The National Head of the Directorate for Priority Crime Investigation ( DPCI) Lieutenant General Godfrey Lebeya welcomed the arrests and commended the role played by all units. Cyprus The penalties were sufficiently stringent; however, with regard to sex trafficking, by allowing for a fine in lieu of imprisonment, the prescribed punishment was not commensurate with those for other serious crimes, such as rape. For prosecutors and judges, training focused on application of the anti-trafficking law and coordination with law enforcement. Austria DHA operated a hotline that could receive reports of potential trafficking cases; however, it is unknown how many calls the hotline received or whether any victims were identified as a result of calls to the hotline. Colombia Most cases of human trafficking in South Africa include sex trafficking, child labor, domestic servitude, organ smuggling, forced surrogacy, illegal child adoptions and debt bondage. Human trafficking is a worldwide issue and South Africa currently has no legislative system involving human trafficking. Poor understanding of trafficking hindered the government’s overall anti-trafficking efforts. Zimbabwe. Barbados It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. In September 2020, a video of a man trying to kidnap a kid in the Roodepoort area, Johannesburg, went viral. While South Africa has put in place legislative measures to prevent human trafficking, the country is still a source, transit point, and destination country for men and women subjected to trafficking for forced labour and sexual exploitation. Wallis & Futana Is Dominican Republic Guadeloupe Both the NICTIP and the provincial task teams often exhibited poor coordination and communication. During the reporting period, the government began to negotiate memoranda of understanding with four NGOs that outlined a procedure for the NGOs to submit sensitive information, including on corruption and official complicity, to ensure protection of civil society whistleblowers who were previously vulnerable to retaliation. In coordination with an international organization, the government provided anti-trafficking training for its diplomatic personnel. The discordant messages come out clearly when one reads through a media statement issued on 15 September 2020 by the South African Police Service (SAPS) … St Barthelemy Traffickers increasingly hail from Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Cameroon. Bulgaria In addition, the government led 24 interdisciplinary trainings that reached 359 front-line officials. Cambodia Kyrgyzstan The Western Cape provincial government also developed an outreach program taking social services from NGOs and government agencies to rural communities and vulnerable groups. Gambia In addition, the Children’s Amendment Act of 2005 prescribed penalties of five years’ to life imprisonment or fines for the use, procurement, or offer of a child for slavery, commercial sexual exploitation, or to commit crimes. 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